Sea Technology

MAR 2018

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22 ST | March 2018 www.sea-technology.com T he Field and Interaction Ro- botics research group at the Institute of Studies of Intelligent Systems for Automation of the Italian National Research Council (ISSIA-CNR) has 25 years of expe- rience in theoretical and applied research aimed at the design, development and deployment of autonomous vehicles, especial- ly in the marine sector, bringing robotics to the service of marine and polar scientists. Romeo/R2 ROV, Charlie USV, Shark USSV, e-URoPe ROV, P2- ROV and PROTEUS USSV/ROV have ex- tensively been used for collecting data during scientific campaigns performed in various areas, in- cluding polar regions. The Unmanned Vehicles for Autonomous Sensing and Sampling (UVASS) research project, coordinated by ISSIA-CNR, aims to contribute to polar climate research by collecting data from inaccessi- ble sea-ice-air interface areas. UVASS integrates ecolog- ical approaches and robotics to develop technological tools to safeguard the ecosystem. The robotics goal is to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of scientific re- search by exploiting technological innovation. Arctic Warming The global warming process, entailing the climate's rapid mutation, developed in the 20th century. This change is largely attributed to the increasing emissions in the Earth's atmosphere of huge amounts of greenhouse gases and other factors mainly due to human activity. The Arctic region is heating up faster than other places on Earth, bringing about rapid local and global environ- mental change that is increasingly evident in the observa- tions of many geophysical and biological properties. The interactions between atmosphere, ocean, cryosphere and biosphere are responsible for the phenomenon known as "Arctic amplification" (the Arctic region has warmed more than twice as fast as the global average). The rapid Arctic warming has contributed to dramatic melting of Arctic sea ice and spring snow cover, at a pace greater than that simulated by climate models. The complex system of interactions involving heat ex- changes and the water cycle (vapor and liquid) in the Arctic Ocean that is generated by climate change is at Remote Data Collection Near Marine Glacier Fronts Unmanned Vehicles for Autonomous Sensing, Sampling in the North Pole By Gabriele Bruzzone • Angelo Odetti • Massimo Caccia (Top) Unmanned vehicles used in the 2017 data acquisi- tion scientific campaign of the UVASS project. (Bottom) PROTEUS (left), and PROTEUS towing the trimaran ves- sel (right).

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