Sea Technology

FEB 2018

The industry's recognized authority for design, engineering and application of equipment and services in the global ocean community

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12 ST | February 2018 are under the hydrographic domain for developing product specifica- tions such as S-101 ENC, S-102 ba- thymetry surface, S-103 subsurface navigation and so on; the S-201 to S-299 is the IALA domain for prod- ucts such as aids to navigation, inter-VTS exchange format and ap- plication-specific messages, among others. There are two other domains so far: S-301 to S-399 for the IOC and a "various" domain with an S-40x series for inland ENCs, ice information, weather overlay and other things that would be devel- oped as necessary. There is actually an initiative through the IMO-IHO Harmonization Group to harmo- nize S-100 with an IALA Universal Maritime Data Model (UMDM). The Role of GIS As we can see, GIS is an import- ant technology player in this new industrial revolution. It brings to- gether the science of where things are and where things should be for the maximum benefit of everyone. Important examples of its use are projects such as the NOAA Physical Oceanographic Real-Time System (PORTS),, that takes advantage of some of the concepts and technologies de- scribed above to build a system that provides situational awareness of the operating environment. The system gives environmental obser- vations of oceanographic and mete- orological conditions and decision support tools to users in more than 25 major U.S. ports for the benefit of maritime commerce and coastal resource management. Seaports are vital in the shipping industry; they represent the connec- tion with the mainland and a hub in the multimodal transportation network. The Port of Rotterdam is one of the few port organizations that understands the critical role that GIS plays in this new industrial revolution era and has implement- ed this technology in its broadest sense, enabling the port to grow not in physical extent but in efficiency. It has become one of the most ef- ficient and forward-thinking ports in the world. With approximately 30,000 seagoing and 110,000 in- land vessels a year, the port needed an efficient, up-to-date and reliable port map that is not only essential for vessels but for all parties in the port to conduct their business. Based on GIS, and taking advantage of tech- nological developments mentioned above, the Port of Rotterdam has es- tablished the new Portmap system, an interactive, complete, current and clear online map of the port, with detailed views of the termi- nals, jetties, dolphins, berths, water depths, etc. An example of the pub- lic view of the Portmap system can be seen at Another important initiative is the Ecological Marine Units (EMUs) project, a public-private partnership between Esri and the U.S. Geological Survey that uses ocean-based environmental data to create a three-dimensional map of the world's oceans (https://arcg. is/00WTXn). Under the Group on Earth Ob- servations, as part of the GEOSS Task EC-01-C1 (2014)/GI-14 GECO (2016), the EMUs are a standard- ized, robust and practical global ecosystems classification and map of the planet, where Esri is engaged in producing and hosting the con- tent. This initiative has put in prac- tice the marine SDI concepts to create an information product that is proving to be very useful for mon- itoring ocean health, ecosystems valuation, conservation planning, marine data management, fishing management, risk reduction and many other activities that directly and indirectly support coastal and port development, as well as Exclu- sive Economic Zone and Extended Continental Shelf resources man- agement. Perhaps one of the largest and most ambitious projects regarding SDI is the Esri Living Atlas of the World, https://livingatlas.arcgis. com, a collection of geographic in- formation from Esri and its partners that is a community-based effort of thousands of contributors sharing their best maps, apps and data with the rest of the world. Anybody can use and contribute to the Living At-

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