Sea Technology

FEB 2018

The industry's recognized authority for design, engineering and application of equipment and services in the global ocean community

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Page 11 of 52 February 2018 | ST 11 ability, environmental friendliness, added value, effi- ciency and resiliency. These fast changes create new challenges and new opportunities for everyone. In light of the new technolo- gies, a "digital vision" is necessary, powered by data, in space and time. In the maritime world, autonomous ships and auton- omous/remotely operated port terminals are not science fiction; they are happening right now and require han- dling geospatial data in new ways. The key is not getting more data, but getting the right data at the right time and processing data on the fly for decision-making by human or machine. Maritime Needs What would be required to enable and process all this information? We need four basic components: people, standards, technology and, of course, data. In the mari- time domain, a good starting point is the shipping indus- try, where cargo transported by liner shipping represents about two-thirds of the value of total global trade, ac- cording to the World Shipping Coun- cil. This industry is constantly looking for ways to improve efficiency, so it's no surprise to see it embrace new technology faster than other fields. Starting from the basics, a set of standards and governance rules for safety and efficiency of navigation must be established that favors en- vironmental protection and sustain- able growth—and I'm not just talking about the shipping industry's growth, but the related growth of ports, coast- al areas and entire countries. Here, the International Maritime Organiza- tion (IMO) e-navigation initiative is an attempt to ensure safe berth-to-berth navigation. To enable this, a series of maritime services portfolios (MSPs) are being developed as part of the im- proved provision of services to vessels. MSPs are the means of providing electronic information in a harmo- nized way. Currently, there are 16 MSPs being consid- ered, including VTS information services, maritime safe- ty information services, pilotage services, nautical chart services and real-time hydrographic and environmental services. In order to enable these services, a common infrastructure is required, referred to as common mari- time data structures (CMDS), the desired infrastructure supporting e-navigation. CMDS would include and organize parameters for priority, source and ownership information, for example. In essence, CMDS are very similar to spatial data infra- structures (SDI), "the relevant collection of technologies, policies and institutional arrangements that facilitate the availability of and access to spatial data," according to the accepted definition. CMDS could be a subset of a marine SDI. We can consider CMDS as the binding blocks between and within all MSPs and with users. In that sense, we can conclude that CMDS constitutes a geographic information system (GIS), where data need to be organized in databases and models with well-defined feature classes and attributes that can be converted into information products to be used under the e-navigation concept, ashore and on board, through a series of ser- vices (MSPs) by any GIS type of application, including but not limited to ECDIS and ECS (on board) and VTS (ashore). For overcoming the challenges of data harmonization, there is an important new International Hydrographic Or- ganization (IHO) series of standards development, based on a new universal hydrographic data model, S-100. This is motivated not only because of the need to replace the old S-57 Electronic Navigational Chart (ENC) standard but also to provide support to a much larger set of GIS- based standards beyond traditional navigational prod- ucts demanded today in anticipation of the effects of the fourth industrial revolution. The S-100 is a GIS based on the ISO TC 211/ISO 19100 series, providing a framework for developing product specifications in several mar- itime domains. For instance, the S-101 to S-199 series (From top to bottom) An illus- tration of the GIS concep t. The e-navigation concept. Maritime initiatives for the fourth industrial revolution.

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