Sea Technology

NOV 2017

The industry's recognized authority for design, engineering and application of equipment and services in the global ocean community

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RAdm. Ann C. Phillips, U.S. Navy (Retired), Advisory Board Member, The Center for Climate and Security November 2017 / st 7 editorial SEA TECHNOLOGY® I N C L U D I N G U N D E RS EA TEC H N O L O G Y The Industry's Recognized Authority for Design, Engineering and Application of Equipment and Services in the Global Ocean Community Charles H. Bussmann Founder and Publisher 1924-1999 publisher C. Amos Bussmann managing editor Aileen Torres-Bennett assistant editor Amelia Jaycen production manager Russell S. Conward assistant design/ Joshua Ortega website manager advertising Susan M. Ingle Owen service manager ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVES: HEADQUARTERS C. Amos Bussmann 1600 Wilson Blvd., Suite 1010 Arlington, VA 22209 Tel: (703) 524-3136 • FAX: (703) 841-0852 e-mail: NORTH AMERICA, EAST COAST MJ McDuffee Director of Business Development Tel: 772-485-0333 mobile e-mail: NORTH AMERICA, WEST COAST John Sabo Barbara Sabo Gregory Sabo John Sabo Associates 447 Herondo St. #305 Hermosa Beach, CA 90254 Tel: (310) 374-2301 e-mail: EUROPE John Gold John F. Gold & Associates "Highview" 18a Aultone Way Sutton, Surrey, SM1 3LE, England Phone/FAX Nat'l: 020-8641-7717 Int'l: +44-20-8641-7717 e-mail: Sea Technology back issues available on microform. Contact: NA Publishing, Inc. P.O. Box 998, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-0998 1-800-420-6272 COMPASS PUBLICATIONS, INC. 1600 Wilson Blvd., Suite 1010 Arlington, VA 22209-2510 Tel: (703) 524-3136 FAX: (703) 841-0852 publishers of: Sea Technology Commercial Fisheries News Fish Farming News Commercial Marine Directory Fish Farmers Phone Book/Directory Sea Technology Buyers Guide/Directory Sea Tech e-News Celebrating more than 54 years of serving the global ocean community - Since 1963 - National Security Depends on Climate Change Preparation S ea level will rise up to 6.6 ft., or 2 m, by the year 2100 with "business as usual" carbon emissions, according to the Climate Institute, and that is just one barom- eter of climate change. Add to that the increased frequency of extreme weather events, food scarcity and water insecurity, all of which creates a destabilizing ef- fect in regions and nations where governments—already under stress—have limit- ed capacity to cope with these threats. The defense community knows that climate change has a significant and intensifying impact on national security and that this results in disruptions that exacerbate security challenges around the world. Recent confirmation hearing testimony, including that of the U.S. Secretary of Defense, addressed the significance of climate change as a driver of global insta- bility, and, in fact, the Department of Defense has a history of including climate impacts in strategic planning and policy implementation dating back to at least 2003. This is because climate change can create and intensify real operational risks and global volatility. From an operator's perspective, these tangible threats magnify challenges from the most basic "man, train and equip" preparations by local commanders to the strategic implications and long-range global planning requirements of the combat- ant commander. As warfighters, our armed forces have an inherent responsibility to prepare in order to execute their mission, and that preparation includes developing coastal, drought and wildfire resilience, and the innate flexibility to operate under the most challenging environmental and atmospheric conditions—from the Arctic to the desert. Threats from climate change are not limited in their impact to federal or Depart- ment of Defense facilities or areas of operation. These threats also affect civilians that live and work in adjacent localities. This challenge is particularly acute at coastal military installations; locations as diverse as Hampton Roads, Virginia, and the Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshall Islands find themselves threatened by climate impact from sea level rise and extreme weather. For the defense community, the complexities lie in translating policy into ac- tion, hampered by a fiscal planning process that bases future decisions on histori- cal conditions and a budget cycle that limits actionable progress to seven years (current year plus execution year and five planning years), with a nominal 20-year horizon for future infrastructure planning. Furthermore, fiscal prudence focuses on determining acceptable risk to meet—not exceed—stated requirements. Build- ing in extra "adaptive resiliency" to prepare for climate predictions does not align well with the acquisition process. As the threat builds, the risk from these orga- nizational limitations means far more cost to sustain operational capability and infrastructure resiliency, while the range of options diminishes. The defense community must prioritize integrating climate resilience planning with fiscal and budgetary processes and become nimble in its ability to execute based on future climate impacts. First and most important, it must use predictive climate information. Next, the defense community must set definitive planning standards, supported by best known scientific and engineering data, tailored for specific needs of the most critical and vulnerable regions in question—and up- dated at appropriate intervals. It must further test these standards across strategic planning and operational scenarios that challenge the range of what can happen, instead of what might happen. Finally, to do all this, the defense community cannot act alone. Climate change adaptation and resilience require an aligned whole-of-society approach to achieve solutions through collaboration across the full extent of government and commu- nity; local to global. The defense community takes seriously its inherent responsi- bility to prepare for the impact of climate on our national security—and it has no time to waste. ST

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