Sea Technology

JUN 2014

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Page 21 of 76 June 2014 / st 21 managed by the Web server along with elaboration results. The 3D engine module is responsible for elaborations, implementing complex reconstruc- tion algorithms and "talking" to the previous block. The reconstruction procedures are managed through a LabVIEW Web server. LabVIEW is an icon-programming framework devel- oped by National Instruments (Aus- tin, Texas) for rapid prototyping. For this project's purposes, a Web server has been implemented in LabVIEW to work remotely on the user interface with the 3D reconstruction tool using a common browser. In addition, the PHP/HTML5 Web server can reach the 3D engine created in LabVIEW using POST requests. Results are stored in the most common modeling formats, such as PLY (Polygon File Format), OBJ + MTL, DAE (Collada), and PDF, PLY, OBJ and DAE. These formats can be easily imported and edited through common GIS and processing software, including MeshLab and open source, and are available for multiple plat- forms. Users decide when to start this process, using both the Android ap- plication and Web interface, while the PHP Web server manages such com- mands. Cloud Manager. An added value of this project is the notifcation system, which allows the user to be informed of the operation's progress. To this end, the architecture has been integrated with Google Cloud Messaging (GCM), a free service that helps developers to send data from servers to their Android applications. It could be a small mes- sage addressed to the Android applica- tion that new data is available on the server or a message of up to 4 kilobytes of data payload. In this framework, GCM has been used to send short text messages reporting the results of op- erations carried out, thanks to the 3D engine module. Home Navigator. Users can visual- ize and modify their results using free software available on the network, such as MeshLab, that is able to display models of 3D geometries and their rel- ative texture. In addition, because of the ability to provide reconstruction in PDF format, the user can open the fle with Adobe Acrobat Reader. Results DiRAMa 3D data set results were used to delineate coralligenous habi- tats located at Gallinara Island (Ligu- rian Sea, Italy) and to provide baseline maps for future monitoring of coral- ligenous environmental changes and evolution in the Mediterranean basin in August 2013. This approach of- fers the opportunity to involve trained volunteers, offering new participatory pathways in decision-making strate- gies that are expected to be exploited with higher-frequency, innovative Web technology. For this specifc applica- tion, it was useful to capture images with external cameras, employing the Web application to upload data and launch the elaboration processes. All feld activities were conducted using conventional scuba. Two calibrated GoPro (San Mateo, California) Hero 3D systems and one GoPro Hero 2 were used to collect video and photo data, respectively. The scuba diver held the camera approximately 40 centimeters above the substratum and progressed freely around the locations. Five to six 10-meter transects (45° and/or in fat position) were collected at each location, and point clouds of specifc targets, such as sponges, were recorded and used as reference points. Depth information from each transect and direction was also documented. Sites were selected according to their representation on a large geographical scale, accessibility and the availability of logistical facilities to guarantee the monitoring. Results from these surveys provided insights on coralligenous structure and the spatial heterogeneity of marine or- USA 1.508.291.0057 Swath Bathymetry & Side Scan Sonar The Leader in Underwater Technology EdgeTech 6205 • Next Generation EdgeTech Bathymetric Technology • Wide Swath Coverage in Shallow Water, up to 12 Times Water Depth • Co-registered Dual Frequency Side Scan and Bathymetry with Full Nadir Coverage • New Lightweight Sonar Head • Over 200° View Angle with No Nadir Gap "This approach offers the opportunity to involve trained volunteers, offering new participatory pathways in decision-making strategies that are expected to be exploited with higher-frequency, innovative Web technology." JUN2014.indd 21 6/4/14 1:04 PM

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