Sea Technology

MAY 2013

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soundings )) Global Naval Power to Double by 2030. Despite an uncertain short-term future for the maritime industry, the Global Marine Trends 2030 report predicts that long-term growth will return. Written and researched jointly by Lloyd's Register (London, England), QinetiQ (Farnborough, England) and Strathclyde University, the report looks at the future shape of the marine industry and, specifcally, how naval power will increase. The report says that the marine world in 2030 will be almost unrecognizable due to the rise of emerging countries, new consumer classes and resource demand. It predicts that as trade increases, the size of feets for advanced navies (U.S., Russia, Japan, China, U.K., India) will continue to fall from 585 major platforms in 2010 to 500 in 2030. However, their technological naval power will almost double from 3,911 in 2010 to 8,526 in 2030. As international trade continues to grow, the need for naval power will also continue to increase because the vast majority of trade is moved by sea—90 percent, according to the U.S. Navy. The use of that power may change, and systems such as robotics and autonomous systems will dominate, the research suggests. The report uses three scenarios to model the future, involving the key drivers of population growth, economic development and demand for resources: Status Quo—the world will continue its current growth momentum with booms and busts over the next 20 years; Global Commons—the world will wake up to dangers such as global warming and diminishing resources, which will lead to governments working together and trading more to provide accelerated economic growth within a framework of sustainable development; and Competing Nations—states will act in their own national interest, and there will be little effort to forge agreement among governments for sustainable development and international norms. The report predicts that naval power will almost double in all scenarios. )) Developing Economies Will Spur Global Submarine Market Growth. In 2013, the global submarine market is estimated to value $14.4 billion and is expected to grow to $21.7 billion by 2023, representing a compound annual growth rate of 4.2 percent during the forecast period, according to a MarketResearch.com report entitled "The Global Submarine Market 20132023." The market consists of three categories: SSN (nuclear attack submarine), SSBN (ballistic missile submarine) and SSK (diesel-electric attack submarine). The global expenditure on SSNs is expected to account for a major share of approximately 41 percent during the forecast period. The remaining expenditure is accounted for by SSBN and SSK with shares of 33 percent and 26 percent, respectively. The economies of Brazil, Russia, India and China, and the developing economies of Southeast Asia are becoming fnancially able to fund submarine capabilities. The global submarine industry requires skilled labor to design submarines and provide maintenance and upgrades, but there is a shortage of skilled professionals, such as reactor engineers and scientists. The U.K.'s submarine industry, for instance, is currently facing a 14 percent shortage of civilian safety experts and a 7 percent shortage of submarine-reactor engineers. )) USCG Accepts Nine AMS. The U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) has accepted nine ballast water treatment systems as Alternate Management Systems (AMS) in compliance with its March 2012 fnal rule for Standards for Living Organisms in Ships' Ballast Water Discharged in U.S. Waters: Alfa Laval Tumba AB's (Tumba, Sweden) PureBallast Models 250 to 2500; Alfa Laval Tumba AB's PureBallast Models 2.0 and 2.0Ex; Ecochlor Inc.'s (Maynard, Massachusetts) Ecochlor Series 75, 100, 150, 200, 250 and 300; Hyde Marine's (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) Guardian HG-60, -100, -150, -200, -250, -300, -400, -450, -500, -600, -700, -800, -900, -1000, -1250, -1350, -1400, -1488, -1600, -2000, -2500, -2975, -4000, -5000 and -6000; NK Co. Ltd.'s (Busan, South Korea) BlueBallast NK-O3-010, -015, -030, -040, -050, -075, -100, -150, -200, -250, -300 and -400; Qingdao Headway Technology Co. Ltd.'s (Qingdao, China) OceanGuard; RWO Marine Water Technology (Bremen, Germany), Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies' (Marlow, England) CleanBallast -150, -200, -250, -300, -350, -400, -450, -500, -500-1, -750, -1000, -1250, -1500, -1750, -2000, -2250, -2500, -2750, -3000, -3250, -3500 and -3750; Severn Trent De Nora LLC's (Sugar Land, Texas) BalPure Models BP-500, -675, -1000, -2000, -2650, -3000, -4000 and -5000; and SunRui's (Qingdao) BalClor BC-300 and BC-1000. AMS acceptance is a temporary designation given to a ballast water treatment system approved by a foreign administration. Vessel operators may use an AMS to manage their ballast water discharges in lieu of ballast water exchange while the treatment system undergoes USCG approval testing. An AMS may be used for up to fve years after the ship's ballast water discharge standard compliance date specifed in the fnal rule. USCG continues to review applications for AMS acceptance and will announce further determinations. )) World's Oldest Port Found. A French-Egyptian team has discovered an ancient harbor about 4,500 years old at Wadi el-Jarf along the coast of the Red Sea, Egypt's State Information Service announced. The fnd has been dated to the pharaoh Khufu's reign, which lasted from 2,575 to 2,465 B.C.E. The harbor "predates by more than 1,000 years any other port structure known in the world," according to Pierre Tallet, an Egyptologist at Paris-Sorbonne University who led the team that made the discovery. The expedition, organized by the French Institute of Oriental Archeology, unearthed 40 papyri at the site, representing the oldest papyri found in the country and detailing the daily lives of Egyptians who lived during Khufu's era. Egypt's State Information Service said that the port may have connected copper, turquoise and other mineral mining operations in South Sinai to the Egyptian mainland. Tallet thinks the harbor could also have been a starting point to reach Punt, which may be in what is now known as Somalia. J.G. Wilkinson frst noted in 1832 that ancient structures existed at Wadi el-Jarf: 30 galleries "measuring on average 65 feet long, 10 feet wide and 7 feet high." Archeologists did not explore the site systematically until Tallet's team began in 2011, Tallet said. The survey used Wilkinson's description of the galleries as a starting point. n www.sea-technology.com May 2013 / st 9

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