Sea Technology

JAN 2019

The industry's recognized authority for design, engineering and application of equipment and services in the global ocean community

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24 ST | January 2019 technologies); and cyber technologies, such as security and connectivity (secure and authenticated communica- tion, data connectivity, cyber-physical convergence sys- tems, e-security). KETs as Link Between NATO and EU Many of the KETs examples criss-cross the needs of the maritime defense and security sector. Therefore, it is not surprising that the links between NATO and EU maritime activities could grow and be- come stronger along these lines, also in light of a chang- ing security environment and the definition of the EU Global Strategy for Foreign and Security Policy (EUGS) that started a process of closer cooperation in security and defense. can contribute to oper- ations to advance Alli- ance security interests. In this context, mari- time and joint exercises are key to maintaining and improving com- bined maritime skills and readiness for all operations; future ex- ercises could then in- clude protection of sea lines of communica- tion, amphibious forces, anti-submarine warfare capacity and countering hybrid threats in the maritime domain. Mission-Oriented Research and Innovation in the EU In order to address the strategic functions, it is es- sential to maintain a technological advantage that is the natural result of innovative processes. Interestingly enough, the role of innovation and technology edge has been highlighted and stressed as a priority by the EU in several contexts. This was also evident in the process to- ward the definition and launch of future European fund- ing schemes (including the Ninth Framework Program), where the concept of "mission-oriented research and innovation" was put forward and discussed. Mission-ori- ented projects are to be intended as large projects (Grand Challenge), or a group of them, capable of reaching a challenging goal, preferably identified by measurable in- termediate deliverables. In order to have maximum impact, a mission should clearly address outcomes, development time frame and financial profile. An example of a Grand Challenge is fostering "healthy, clean and sustainable oceans." It is clear that such missions are not to be solely driven by science needs; they also have to address societal chal- lenges (related to the environment, energy, mobility, se- curity, etc.), thus producing actionable items to ensure a feasible, positive evolutionary process. From Societal Challenges to Missions: the Role of KETs Addressing societal challenges through missions re- quires significant investments in science, technology and innovations. Identifying the essential technology building blocks (defined as KETs, or key enabling technologies) has been a high priority for the EU industrial policy in the recent past, forming the base of the program structure and technological scope of the "Leadership in Enabling and Industrial Technologies" pillar of Horizon 2020. KETs were revised in 2018 by the European Commis- sion and grouped into three main areas: production tech- nologies, such as advanced manufacturing technologies (robotics, green propulsion technology), advanced ma- terials and nanotechnologies, life-science technologies (new chemistry, biotechnology); digital technologies, such as micro-nano-electronics and photonics (smart sensors, quantum technology, supercomputing), artificial intelligence (data generation and handling, big data anal- ysis, machine learning, smart robots, decision-making The EU member states agreed to step up the Euro- pean Union's work in this area and acknowledged that enhanced coordination, increased investment in defense and cooperation in developing common capabilities are key requirements. This is indeed the main aim of a permanent structured cooperation on security and de- fense (PESCO). Through PESCO, member states decid- ed to increase their effectiveness in addressing security challenges and advancing toward further integrating and strengthening defense cooperation within the EU frame- work. Collaboration will include the field of maritime semi-autonomous systems for mine countermeasures, harbor and maritime surveillance and protection, and the upgrade of maritime surveillance. NATO and EU efforts to increase mutual cooperation have also been underlined by a joint declaration (JD) by the president of the European Council, the president of the European Commission and the secretary general of NATO in July 2018. The JD strengthens existing mari- time cooperation, e.g., in the Mediterranean (including fighting migrant smuggling and trafficking); increases the ability to respond to hybrid threats; addresses the need for a timely exchange of information, including on cyber attacks; and offers the benefits of parallel and coordinat- ed exercises. To realize as many positive outcomes as possible from a shared set of KETs, the capabilities developed through the research and innovation and defense initiatives of the EU and NATO must remain coherent, complementary, interoperable and available to both organizations. The prompt fielding of KETs into mission operations will be essential in the coming years. ST "Addressing societal challenges through missions requires significant investments in science, technology and innovations. Identifying the essential technology building blocks has been a high priority for the EU industrial policy..."

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