Sea Technology

JAN 2019

The industry's recognized authority for design, engineering and application of equipment and services in the global ocean community

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22 ST | January 2019 www.sea-technology.com power competition in these strategically important high latitudes. Our role has never been more crucial there. The Arctic holds vast resources, and its maritime geostrategic rele- vance is rising, including critical shipping lanes. In 2017, a record 9.74 million tons of goods were transported on the Northern Sea Route above Russia, and that number will only increase. Looking south, for six decades the Antarctic Treaty has been the cornerstone of governance promoting international cooperation, ensuring nonmili- tarization and suspending territorial claims. In the next three decades, several crucial elements of this treaty will come up for renewal, including the current ban on com- mercial drilling. With increased activity in the maritime reaches and growing competition for resources, the future is now in the Polar Regions. Our sustained presence there is im- perative to ensuring our nation's security, asserting our sovereign rights and protecting our long-term economic interests. As we progress toward funding the construction of the nation's first heavy polar icebreaker in more than 40 years—the polar security cutter—we are preparing for future high-latitude operations. On November 19, 2018, DHS launched two minia- turized satellites, CubeSats, into low-Earth polar orbit for the Coast Guard to assess the potential of this technology to augment and improve communications in the Arctic environment, monitor large areas for illegal activity and help locate persons lost at sea. These types of relatively inexpensive satellites could also potentially be employed to gather and transmit sea ice and debris hazard informa- tion in remote regions without time- and resource-inten- sive aircraft searches. Innovation As we have for the last 228 years, the Coast Guard, with our bias for action and operational agility, will con- tinue to lean in to answer the nation's call. The Coast Guard brings enduring value to the nation that can only be maximized by adapting to the changing character of maritime operations. That requires both smart risk taking and harnessing the power of innovation. We will foster a culture of experimentation and strengthen service in- novation initiatives, as well as accelerate the process of moving the best ideas to service-wide implementation. Only by doing this can we help deliver a ready, relevant and responsive United States Coast Guard optimally po- sitioned to foster economic prosperity and national secu- rity for the foreseeable future. ST force multiplier and ensures full-capacity response oper- ations down the road. Indo-Pacific Theater Wherever the Coast Guard operates, we bring rules- based order to the maritime commons and provide an example to countries around the world. In the Indo-Pa- cific theater, the Coast Guard partners with DOD to play a critical role ensuring an open, prosperous and inclusive region. To counter predatory operators and nation-states that poach resources from the high seas and specific countries' Exclusive Economic Zones, we mature other nations' inherent capabilities to police their own waters. We support emerging nations in developing their own coast guards to ensure theater security cooperation. But our effectiveness in the Indo-Pacific is limited by the tyranny of distance. To realistically confront threats in such a complex domain, we must innovate to expand our footprint, influence and reach. The Coast Guard needs the ability to access reliable, relevant and interpre- table data that can truly forecast where need is greatest and risk will occur. To get at this problem, Coast Guard forces in Alaska developed the FishTactic initiative, a mission planning tool and winner of the 2017 Coast Guard Innovation Award. FishTactic software aggregates, analyzes and fuses data into a singular maritime domain awareness picture to predict future activity and optimize Alaskan fishing enforcement. Operations combating illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, a form of transnational or- ganized crime and a major scourge of the Indo-Pacific— can benefit substantially from the predictive power of data science. Strategic planners and Coast Guard cutters can use the software to better predict where illicit activity exists, which is critical for cutters that must transit several days to reach an area where IUU fishing is thought to be occurring. Most importantly, FishTactic is both affordable and mobile, hence, easily put into the hands of operators (i.e., a short "flash-to-bang"). Polar Operations Looking to the high latitudes, more commonly referred to as the Polar Regions, the Coast Guard is the United States' primary maritime presence in the Arctic and Ant- arctic. There, we enhance maritime domain awareness, facilitate governance and promote partnerships to meet security and safety needs in these vital areas. While we focus on creating a peaceful and collaborative environ- ment in the Polar Regions, we are confronted by great "With increased activity in the maritime reaches and growing competition for resources, the future is now in the Polar Regions. Our sustained presence there is imperative to ensuring our nation's security, asserting our sovereign rights and protecting our long-term economic interests."

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