Sea Technology

JUL 2018

The industry's recognized authority for design, engineering and application of equipment and services in the global ocean community

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Page 9 of 44 July 2018 | ST 9 soundings )) Oil, Gas Industry Acknowledges Safety Cuts While Increasing Emphasis on Digitization. New research from DNV GL reveals that 46 percent of senior professionals in the sector believe there has been underinvestment in inspec- tion and maintenance of infrastructure and equipment in recent years. Twenty-eight percent said that they expect to increase spending on safety in 2018. Sixty-one percent will maintain current budgets, and 5 percent plan to cut investment. The findings appear in "The State of Safety" report from DNV GL's research on the outlook for the oil and gas industry in 2018. Based on a survey of 813 senior sector players, the report also affirms expectations for digital technologies to bridge the gap between long-term cost efficiency and enhanced safety in projects and operations. While cost efficiency has been a high priority for more than 82 percent of senior industry professionals since 2015, 40 percent of respondents believe digital tools and technologies have already improved safety over the past three years. Many new investments in safety will be aimed at digitizing safety monitoring, processes and responses this year. )) XPRIZE to Crowdsource Design Ideas. The XPRIZE Foundation announced a global open call to innovators to help it design future XPRIZEs in five key areas: Off-Grid Energy for the Developing World, Saving Coral Reefs, Disaster Prediction, Lifting Farmers Out of Poverty and Feeding the Next Billion. For the first time, XPRIZE will use the HeroX crowdsourcing platform to source hundreds of XPRIZE designs, and submitting teams may be selected to compete to further develop their concepts for future XPRIZEs. "Building on HeroX and our annual Visioneering Summit, we look forward to taking the crowd's participation to the next level and empowering the public to architect the future," said Dr. Peter H. Diamandis, XPRIZE founder and executive chairman. Prizes are valued in total at more than $100,000. The designers of the best concepts submitted through HeroX will work with XPRIZE experts to refine their prizes before taking a global stage later this year at the Visioneering Summit. There are three phases to HeroX: Ideation, Design Hackathon and Visioneering Summit. XPRIZE invites the public to choose a focus area and submit a design concept with a video pitch by July 23. To learn more, visit )) Need for Coordination to Prepare for Global Sulphur Cap. The International Chamber of Shipping (ICS) fears "chaos and confusion" unless the UN International Maritime Organization (IMO) urgently resolves some serious issues concerning the successful implementation of the 0.5 percent sulphur in marine fuel cap, effective globally January 1, 2020. Such chaos would have serious consequences for the movement of the world's energy, raw ma- terials and manufactured products; about 90 percent of global trade is carried by sea. By the start of 2020, "It is still far from certain that sufficient quantities of compliant fuels will be available in every port worldwide," said ICS Chairman Esben Poulsson, "and in the absence of global standards for many of the new blended fuels that oil refiners have promised, there are some potentially serious safety issues due to the use of incompatible bunkers." Poulsson said that at the moment no one knows what types of fuel will be available or at what price, specification or quantity. ICS members also expressed serious disappointment at the apparent intention of the European Union to press on with the implementation of a regional CO 2 reporting system at variance to the global system already agreed by IMO, believing it risks seriously distorting maritime trade and global shipping markets. )) US Navy Revives Second Fleet. The U.S. Navy has reestablished the Second Fleet, which was disestablished in 2011. This fleet will exercise operational and administrative authorities over assigned ships, aircraft and landing forces on the East Coast and northern Atlantic Ocean; plan and conduct maritime, joint and combined operations; and train, certify and provide maritime forces to respond to global contingencies. "Our National Defense Strategy makes clear that we're back in an era of great power competition as the security environment continues to grow more challenging and complex," said Chief of Naval Operations Adm. John Richardson. "That's why today, we're standing up Second Fleet to address these changes, particularly in the north Atlantic." The move reflects the new National Security Strategy's emphasis on combating global powers such as Russia. )) NOC Scientists Investigate Human Impacts in Open Ocean. On May 19, the RRS James Cook left Southampton, U.K., for a research expedition to the Porcupine Abyssal Plain – Sustained Observatory (PAP-SO) in the northeast Atlantic Ocean. This expedition aims to answer fundamental questions about how potential environmental and ecological stressors are influencing the open ocean from surface to seabed. Researchers will be tracking the flow of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide from the air into the surface ocean, and the eventual fate of carbon in the ocean depths. Another key activity is making detailed measurements of litter and plastic accumulation in the open ocean. In order to understand the harm that plastics may cause, there must be a better understanding of the factors con- trolling its distribution and fate. Led by the U.K. National Oceanography Centre (NOC), the team will use a variety of tools, including instruments fixed to a floating buoy, specialized sediment traps to collect sinking particles, and samplers of the water and the seabed 3 mi. beneath the surface. A research expedition to the PAP-SO is undertaken every year to service a mooring that has a range of sensors measuring variables such as temperature, oxygen and nutrients. Each year, new and innovative ocean measuring equipment is tested at this site. ST

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