Sea Technology

SEP 2017

The industry's recognized authority for design, engineering and application of equipment and services in the global ocean community

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www.sea-technology.com September 2017 / st 9 soundings )) Sea Trials Complete for Biological-, Chemical-Sampling AUV. The world's first underwater vehicle designed specifically to collect both biological and chemical samples from the ocean water column has successfully completed sea trials off the coast of New England. The AUV, named Clio, was developed in an engineering collaboration between Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley and in scientific collaboration with the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. Clio will improve sampling efficiency and reduce the time and cost of broad bio- geochemical surveys, which are necessary to understand patterns and cycles of the marine food web and the role that the ocean plays in shaping Earth's climate. Clio will undergo a year of science testing in Bermuda beginning April 2018. )) New Member of Autonomous Cargo Ship Team. ABS has joined the Unmanned Cargo Ship Development Alliance to work with industry partners, including class organizations, shipyards, equipment manufacturers and designers, to advance autonomous shipping. The design will integrate features of independent decision making, autonomous navigation, envi- ronmental perception and remote control. "Increased digitization, advanced technologies and new levels of connectivity are changing the way the maritime industry operates," said ABS Greater China Division President Eric Kleess. "In the com- ing years, we will see significant changes in the way ships are designed and built, with a strong drive to develop autono- mous vessels especially in China." The Unmanned Cargo Ship Development Alliance, chaired by HNA Technology Group Co. Ltd., includes: ABS, CCS, China Ship Research & Development Institute, Shanghai Marine Diesel Engine Research Institute Ltd., Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding (Group) Co. Ltd., Marine Design Research Institute of China (MARIC), Rolls-Royce and Wärtsilä. The alliance expects to deliver the unmanned cargo ship by October 2021. )) Hydrographic Survey Market to Reach $2.74 Billion by 2022. A new report on the hydrographic survey equipment market by MarketsandMarkets projects market growth from $2.07 billion in 2016 to $2.74 billion by 2022, at a CAGR of 5.39 percent from 2017 to 2022. Growth in this market comes from the rise in maritime trade and increased use of UUVs and USVs to conduct hydrographic and oil and gas surveys. The unmanned vehicles, offshore oil and gas survey, and deepwater segments are estimated to account for the largest marketshare in 2017. The Asia-Pacific region is projected to experience the highest CAGR from 2017 to 2022. )) First 3D-Printed Submersible Hull for US. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, through a partnership with the Navy's Dis- ruptive Technology Lab, has created the U.S. military's first 3D-printed submersible hull. The Optionally Manned Technol- ogy Demonstrator is a prototype vessel that could be used to deploy logistics capabilities and sensors. In the future, vessels will need to be manufactured faster and incorporate new designs to support each Navy mission. The team created a 30-ft. proof-of-concept hull out of carbon-fiber composite material. With just four weeks to get the job done, by week two, they were printing their design. The team assembled the six pieces of the hull during the third week. 3D printing reduced hull production costs by 90 percent and shortened production time to a matter of days, giving the Navy the opportunity to create on-demand vehicles while saving time, money and energy. )) Project to Implement IMO Biofouling Guidelines. A new global project to help protect marine ecosystems from the negative effects of invasive aquatic species has been given the go-ahead for preparation. The GloFouling Partnerships project—a collaboration between the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the International Maritime Organization (IMO)—will address the transfer of aquatic species through biofoul- ing on a ship's underwater hull and structures. The project will focus on the implementation of the IMO guidelines for the control and management of ships' biofouling, which reduces the transfer of invasive aquatic species. Marine bio-invasions result in significant environmental and socioeconomic impacts that can affect fisheries, mariculture, coastal infrastructure and other development efforts, ultimately threatening livelihoods in coastal communities. The new project will build ca- pacity in developing countries to reduce the transboundary introduction of biofouling-mediated invasive aquatic species. )) Advances in Automation Could Solve Maritime Skills Shortage. A perfect storm of retiring baby-boomers and the ongo- ing global economic downturn are causing the number of skilled seafarers in the global marine industry to shrink dramati- cally. A panel at the Seatrade Offshore Marine & Workboats Middle East event spoke about how automation and advances in connectivity could solve the looming skills crisis. In 2010, The Manpower Report by BIMCO/ISF calculated the global supply of officers stood at 624,000, compared to a demand for 637,000, which are "near-ideal" figures. However, by 2016, the shortfall stood at 16,500 officers and is predicted to rise to 147,000 worldwide by 2025. In the U.S. alone, the U.S. Maritime Administration placed the country's shortfall at 70,000 mariners by 2022. The increasing sophistication of technology is opening the door to serious discussions about the remote control of ships. One of the key challenges will be to balance the cost of reliability against performance and financial viability through savings. Innovations in shipping can be leveraged to address a gap, rather than requiring existing specialists to up-skill. On the operational side, it is important to create a regulatory framework that gives an opportunity for these vessels to be developed and then to identify the skills required to operate them safely and efficiently. ST

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