Sea Technology

MAY 2013

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The budget for JPSS is $824 million. This request refects a number of changes to the JPSS program, including the technical transfer of $62 million for the Free Flyer-1 mission to a separate budget line called the Polar Free Flyer. In addition, the budget request proposes a transfer of select climate sensors to NASA, refocuses the JPSS program on NOAA's weather mission, and adopts a number of program management and operations effciencies. These changes are intended to address feedback from Congress and the Independent Review Team over the last year. The goal is to achieve cost savings and effciencies, while strengthening satellite management and likelihood of mission success. The Commerce Department is in the process of completing an independent cost estimate for JPSS, with options to reduce scope, risk and life-cycle cost. To simplify NOAA's mission, the budget proposes to transfer to NASA climate sensors originally planned for follow-on missions to JPSS-1 and Free Flyer-1, including the Clouds and Earth Radiant Energy System (CERES), Ozone Mapping and Profler Suite-Limb (OMPS-Limb) and the Total Solar Irradiance Sensor (TSIS). The budget includes an increase of $16.9 million for weather research, weather modeling and supercomputing capacity to accelerate advancements in weather forecasting. The budget also supports infrastructure investments to both the NWS Telecommunications Gateway and the Ground Readiness Project to ensure that NOAA is prepared to handle the expected increase in satellite data. The FY 2014 budget includes $5.5 million for the relocation and facility improvements of four weather forecasting offces to mitigate operational risks and maintain continuity of weather forecast and warning operations. The budget also includes $1 million in one-time funding for a study investigating options for back-up or follow-on observing and research platforms to the current Hurricane Hunter (P-3) aircrafts that are used for NOAA hurricane research and reconnaissance. Although these aircraft will receive service-life extensions in 2015, they will reach the end of their operational lifetimes by 2030 and 2031. NASA NASA's budget request for earth science includes $1.8 billion in FY 2014, $1.9 billion in FY 2015, $1.8 billion in FY 2016, $1.8 billion in FY 2017 and $1.8 billion in FY 2018. The activities associated with this funding will include: launches of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO-2) and the Global Precipitation Measurement Mission (GPM); formulating and developing Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP), Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment III (SAGE III), Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite-2 (ICESat-2), Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE)-follow-on, a sustained land imaging capability following Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM) and Orbiting Carbon Observatory 3 (OCO-3) instrument; maintaining weather and climate change modeling capabilities to enhance forecast accuracy; continuing to work with NOAA and the White House's Offce of Science and Technology Policy to address approaches for providing sustained spaceborne Earth observations; operating more than 15 Earthobserving spacecraft; and maintaining robust research and analysis, airborne science (including IceBridge) and technology development. U.S. Geological Survey The FY 2014 budget request for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is $1.167 billion, an increase of $98.8 million above the 2012 enacted level. Funding in the 2014 proposed budget includes an increase of $7.2 million to fund more than 400 streamgages that would enhance the ability to monitor high-priority sites sensitive to drought, fooding, and potential climate change effects. The budget proposes $2.5 million to improve rapid disaster response, allowing the USGS to better provide timely and effective science to minimize hazard risks to populations and infrastructure. Funding support includes improvements in early warning and scenario products for earthquakes, eruptions of volcanic ash, landslides and debris fows. In addition, an increase of $1.2 million is proposed to expand seismic networks along the Central and Eastern United States and improve the suite of USGS products that provide situational awareness for responders to gauge earthquake impacts and plan response activities. The FY 2014 budget request includes a total of $67.8 million for the Science for Adapting to a Changing Climate initiative that advances understanding and enhances resilience in the face of changing conditions. Increases in the Climate Research and Development Program will improve understanding of the current and future impacts of climate change and what needs are specifc to regional areas. With Landsat 8 successfully launched in February, the USGS is preparing for the hand over of operational responsibility from NASA and will continue to operate Landsat ground systems for receiving, processing and disseminating the imagery. The USGS will also be working with NASA to analyze user requirements and develop a successor mission to Landsat 8, with timing and confguration designed to minimize the risk of a gap in the unparalleled 41-year historical record of these data. Funding to begin work on the successor mission is provided in the 2014 budget for NASA, which will be responsible for the operation, building and launching of Landsat-class land imaging satellites going forward, in partnership with the USGS. The USGS component of the Big Earth Data Initiative will support standardizing and optimizing the management of data from Earth observations systems, such as water and wildlife monitoring networks, operated by the Department of the Interior. Increased funding will be provided to begin implementation of the 3D Elevation program, responding to a growing need for high-quality topographic data and a wide range of other 3D representations of natural and constructed features across the U.S. to meet needs such as quantifcation of food risk and coastal vulnerability to storms. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management The 2014 budget request for the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) is $169.4 million; an $8.7 million increase above the 2012 enacted level. This includes $169.4 million for offshore ocean energy activities, including renewable, conventional and environmental activities; an increase of $8.7 million from the 2012 enacted level. This budget request funds the leasing and management of U.S. offshore energy resources. The budget requests $24.1 million for renewable energy activities; an increase of $1.4 million above the 2012 enact- www.sea-technology.com May 2013 / st 11

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